新概念英语 - 第4册 - 第039课

What every writer wants


新概念英语 - 小编笔记


新概念英语 - 教材原文


I have known very few writers, but those I have known, and whom I respected,confess at once that they have little idea where they arc going when they first set pen to paper. They have a character, perhaps two, they are in that condition of eager discomfort which passes for inspiration, all admit radical changes of destination once the journey has begun; one, to my certain knowledge, spent nine months on a novel about Kashmir, then reset the whole thing in the Scottish Highlands. I never heard of anyone making a 'skeleton', as we were taught at school. In the breaking and remaking, in the timing, interweaving, beginning afresh, the writer comes to discern things in his material which were not conseriously in his mind when he began. This organic process, often leading to moments of extraordinary self-discovery, is of an indescribable fascination. A blurred image appears, he adds a brushstroke and another, and it is gone; but something was there, and he will not rest till he has captured it. Sometimes the yeast within a writer outlives a book he has written. I have heard of writers who read nothing but their own books, like adolescents they stand before the mirror,and still cannot fathom the exact outline of the vision before them. For the same reason, writers talk interminably about their own books, winkling out hidden meanings, super-imposing new ones, begging response from those around them. Of course a writer doing this is misunderstood: he might as well try to explain a crime or a love affair. He is also, incidentally, an unforgivable bore.

This temptation to cover the distance between himself and the reader, to study his image in the sight of those who do not know him, can be his undoing: he has begun to write to please.

A young English writer made the pertinent observation a year or two back that the talent goes into the first draft, and the art into the drafts that follow. For this reason also the writer, like any other artist, has no resting place, no crowd or movement in which he may take comfort, no judgment from outside which can replace the judgment from within. A writer makes order out of the anarchy of his heart; he submits himself to a more ruthless discipline than any critic dreamed of, and when he flirts with fame, he is taking time off from living with himself, from the search for what his world contains at its inmost point.


signature n. 签名,标记
infinity n. 无穷
ray n. 光线
energize v. 给与...能量
rhythm n. 节奏
transmit v. 传送
exquisite adj. 高雅的
phenomena n. 现象
crest n. 浪峰
trough n. 波谷
vertical adj. 垂直的
horizontal adj. 水平的
actuality n. 现实
catastrophic adj. 大灾难的
particle n. 微粒
maturity n. 成熟
undulate v. 波动,形成波浪
tremor n. 震颤
gravitational adj. 地心吸力的




一两年前,一位年轻的英国作家发表了中肯的看法。他说,初稿是才华, 以后各稿是艺术。 也是由于这个原因, 作家同任何艺术家一样, 找不到可休息的场所, 找不到伙伴和活动使自己得到安逸。 任何局外人的判断也比不上他内心的正确判断。 一旦作家从内心的紊乱中理出头绪, 就应该按任何评论家想像不到的无情规范约束自己写作; 当他沽名钓誉时,他就脱离了自我生活,脱离了对自己灵魂最深处世界的探索。

新概念英语 - 自学导读