新概念英语 - 第4册 - 第047课

The great escape 大逃亡


What is one of the features of modern camping where nationality is concerned?

新概念英语 - 小编笔记


新概念英语 - 教材原文


Economy is one powerful motive for camping, since after the initial outlay upon equipment, or through hiring it, the total expense can be far less than the cost of hotels. But, contrary to a popular assumption, it is far from being the only one, or even the greatest. The man who manoeuvres carelessly into his twenty pounds' worth of space at one of Europe's myriad permanent sites may find himself bumping a Bentley. More likely, Ford Escort will be hub to hub with Renault or Mercedes, but rarely with bicycles made for two.

That the equipment of modern camping becomes yearly more sophisticated is an entertaining paradox for the cynic, a brighter promise for the hopeful traveler who has sworn to get away from it all. It also provides-and some student sociologist might care to base his thesis upon the phenomenon -- an escape of another kind. The modern traveller is often a man who dislikes the Splendide and the Bellavista, not because he cannot afford, or shuns their material comforts. but because he is afford of them. Affluent he may be, but he is by no means sure what to tip the doorman or the chambermaid. Master in his own house, he has little idea of when to say boo to a maitre d'hotel.

From all such fears camping releases him. Granted, a snobbery of camping itself, based upon equipment and techniques, already exists; but it is of a kind that, if he meets it, he can readily understand and deal with. There is no superior 'they' in the shape of managements and hotel hierarchies to darken his holiday days.

To such motives, yet another must be added. The contemporary phenomenon of car worship is to be explained not least by the sense of independence and freedom that ownership entails. To this pleasure camping gives an exquisite refinement. From one's own front door to home or foreign hills or sands and back again, everything is to hand. Not only are the means of arriving at the holiday paradise entirely within one's own command and keeping, but the means of escape from holiday hel (if the beach proves too crowded, the local weather too inclement) are there, outside -- or, as likely, part of -- the tent.

Idealists have objected to the package tour, that the traveller abroad thereby denies himself the opportunity of getting to know the people of the country visited. Insularity and self-containment, it is argued, go hand in hand. The opinion does not survive experience of a popular Continental camping place. Holiday hotels tend to cater for one nationality of visitors especially, sometimes exclusively. Camping sites, by contrast, are highly cosmopolitan. Granted, a preponderance of Germans is a characteristic that seems common to most Mediterranean sites; but as yet there is no overwhelmingly specialized patronage. Notices forbidding the open-air drying of clothes, or the use of water points for car washing, or those inviting 'our camping friends' to a dance or a boat trip are printed not only in French or Italian or Spanish, but also in English, German and Dutch. At meal times the odour of sauerkraut vies with that of garlic. The Frenchman's breakfast coffee competes with the Englishman's bacon and eggs.

Whether the remarkable growth of organized camping means the eventual death of the more independent kind is hard to say. Municipalities naturally want to secure the campers' site fees and other custom. Police are wary of itinerants who cannot be traced to a recognized camp boundary or to four walls. But most probably it will all depend upon campers themselves: how many heath fires they cause; how much litter they leave; in short, whether or not they wholly alienate landowners and those who live in the countryside. Only good scouting is likely to preserve the freedoms so dear to the heart of the eternal Boy Scout.

--NIGEL BUXTON The Great Escape from The Weekend Telegraph--


assumption n. 假定
manoeuvre v. (驱车)移动
myriad adj. 无数的
paradox n. 自相矛盾的呈
cynic n. 愤世嫉俗者
sociologist n. 社会学家
shun v. 避开
affluent adj. 富有的
chambermaid n. 女招待员
boo b. 呸的一声
maitre d'hotel n. [法语]总管
snobbery n. 势利
hierarchy n. 等级制度
entail v. 便成为必要
inclement adj. 险恶的
package tour 由旅行社安排一切的一揽子旅游
insularity n. 偏狭
cater v. 迎合
exclusively adv. 排他地
cosmopolitan adj. 世界的
preponderance n. 优势
overwhelmingly adv. 以压倒优势地,清一色地
patronage n. 恩惠,惠顾
sauerkraut n. 泡菜
vie v. 竞争
municipality n. 市政当局
itinerant n. 巡回者
heath v. 荒地
alienate v. 便疏远
eternal adj. 永久的




露营便人们免除了这些忧虑。 诚然,露营地本身也存在以露营装备和方式取人的势利现象, 但如果有这种情况,露营者也容易理解,知道如何对付,但在露营地里根本不会有管人的“人上人”和酒店里的等级制度来种露营者的假日过得阴郁低沉。

除上以动机外,还应加上一个。当前崇拜汽车现象可以用与所有权相伴的独立和自由意识来解释。因此开车去露营会给这种快乐意识增加一种优雅意境。 从自己的家门出发到国内国外的山区或沙滩上露营然后返回, 一切都很便利。 完全在自己掌握之中的私人汽车不仅是到达假日天堂的工具, 而且也是逃离假日地狱(如海滩太挤,当地天气恶劣)方便工具,因为汽车就停在帐篷外面,或者汽车本身可能就是露营帐篷的一个组成部分。



新概念英语 - 自学导读